Who were the Spanish colonies governed by?

Conquistadores, soldiers, and mission- aries were the primary Spanish coloniz- ers; farmers and traders came later. Colonies were governed by crown- appointed viceroys or governors. Settlers had to obey the king’s laws and could make none of their own.

How did Spain control their colonies?

In order to control its new empire, Spain created a formal system of government to rule its colonies. todemand labor or taxes from Native Americans. The Spanish forced Native Americans to work in the gold and silver mines.

Who was New Spain governed by?

New Spain was governed as a viceroyalty, a province headed by a representative of the king or queen of Spain. Beginning in 1535, its capital was Mexico City. During the colonial period, Spain claimed other territories in the New World in northern and western South America.

How did Spain govern its colonies before 1700?

Before 1700, Spain governed its American colonies through a system of what? … The Spanish wre able to form military alliances with other indigenous people who were enimies of the Aztecs.

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How did the Spanish conquer and colonize the Americas?

Spain shifted strategies after the military expeditions wove their way through the southern and western half of North America. Missions became the engine of colonization in North America. Missionaries, most of whom were members of the Franciscan religious order, provided Spain with an advance guard in North America.

Who were the conquistadors and what did they want in the Americas?

Thousands of men came to the New World to seek fortune, glory, and land. For two centuries, these men explored the New World, conquering any native people they came across in the name of the King of Spain (and the hope of gold). They came to be known as the conquistadors.

When did Spain first establish a colonial government in Mexico?

Colonial period, 1701–1821.

Who did the conquistadors conquer?

The two most famous conquistadors were Hernán Cortés who conquered the Aztec Empire and Francisco Pizarro who led the conquest of the Incan Empire. They were second cousins born in Extremadura, where many of the Spanish conquerors were born.

How did Spain govern Mexico?

Spain wanted the material aid and mineral wealth from the colony, and felt obligated to spread Christianity to the natives. … Spanish conquerors, led by Hernan Cortes, allied with Tlaxcalan tribes conquered the Aztecs. Therefore, Spaniards won, and since that day, Mexico became a colony of Spain.

Why did Spain start colonies in the Americas?

Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.

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How did Spain establish a new colonial government in the Americas?

How did the Spanish organize their colonies? The colonies were divided into Viceroyalties (like states), and each was overseen by a viceroy. … A council that met in Spain and made sure the viceroy never became too powerful. They made the laws for the provinces.

What part of America did Spain colonize?

Beginning with the 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean and gaining control over more territory for over three centuries, the Spanish Empire would expand across the Caribbean Islands, half of South America, most of Central America and much of North America.

Where did the Spanish colonize in America?

In 1493, during his second voyage, Columbus founded Isabela, the first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World, on Hispaniola. After finding gold in recoverable quantities nearby, the Spanish quickly overran the island and spread to Puerto Rico in 1508, to Jamaica in 1509, and to Cuba in 1511.

Who colonized South America?

Although most of Latin America was colonized by Spain, the countries of Portugal and France also had major influences on the region.