Columbus discovered Trinidad and Tobago on his third voyage in 1498. Trinidad was inhabited by the Arawak Indians, who were killed by early European settlers. It was colonized by the Spanish in 1592. It continued under Spanish rule until 1797, when it was captured by the British.
How long did the Spanish rule Trinidad?
In reality, we were already “found” and occupied by the indigenous Amerindian tribes of the Arawaks and Caribs. Trinidad remained in the hands of the Spanish from the 15th Century until the British captured it in 1797 – we then became a British colony in 1802.
Why did the Spanish settle in Trinidad?
From 1776 the Spanish government encouraged Roman Catholics from the other Caribbean islands to settle in Trinidad with their slaves. … By 1797, when Britain seized the island from Spain, Trinidad had begun its development as a plantation economy and a slave society. Trinidad was formally ceded to Britain in 1802.
Who came to Trinidad first?
Christopher Columbus landed on Trinidad, which he named for the Holy Trinity, in 1498 and found a land quietly inhabited by the Arawak and Carib Indians. It was nearly a century later that Europeans began to settle Trinidad (called “leri&—land of the hummingbird—by the Amerindians).
What happened in 1797 in Trinidad and Tobago?
On 18 February 1797, a fleet of 18 British warships under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby invaded and took the Island of Trinidad. Within a few days the last Spanish Governor, Don José María Chacón surrendered the island to Abercromby.
Where did Christopher Columbus land in Trinidad?
Columbus in Trinidad
Christopher Columbus had nearly run out of drinking water when, on July 31, 1498, he sighted the three peaks of the Trinity Hills, which are said to have inspired him to name the island Trinidad. He landed near present-day Moruga, where he gathered fresh water from the river.
What was Trinidad called before?
The original name for the island in the Arawaks’ language was Iëre which meant “Land of the Hummingbird”. Christopher Columbus renamed it La Isla de la Trinidad (‘The Island of the Trinity’), fulfilling a vow he had made before setting out on his third voyage. This has since been shortened to Trinidad.
What did the Spanish bring to Trinidad?
Food: There are many popular foods that are influenced by spanish heritage for example carambola, sapadilla, granadilla, cassava bread, sancocho or sancoche, and pastelles.
What language did the Spanish bring to Trinidad?
Spanish presence in the country
The origin of the “parang” is discussed. Some maintain that the custom was introduced by Spain during the Spanish colonial era of Trinidad (1498-1797). Others believe that its roots are in trade with Venezuela.
Did the French colonize Trinidad?
Trinidad was administered by Spain hands until 1797, but it was largely settled by French colonists. … Trinidad and Tobago obtained its independence from the British Empire in 1962 and became a republic in 1976.
Why is Trinidad called Trinidad?
The indigenous name for the island was Ka-iri or I-ere. The title Trinidad originated with Christopher Columbus who named it after the Holy Trinity when he encountered the territory in July 1498. The name Tobago is possibly derived from the indigenous word: ‘tabaco’.
What percentage of Trinidad is black?
Trinidad and Tobago – Ethnic groups
The total population is estimated at 40% black, 40.3% East Indian, 18% mixed, 0.6% white, and 1.2% Chinese and other.
Is Trinidad a poor country?
The economy of Trinidad and Tobago is the third wealthiest in the Caribbean and the fifth-richest by GDP (PPP) per capita in the Americas. Trinidad and Tobago is recognised as a high-income economy by the World Bank.
What happened in 1971 in Trinidad and Tobago?
General elections were held in Trinidad and Tobago on 24 May 1971. The result was a victory for the People’s National Movement, which won all 36 seats. Due to a boycott by all major opposition parties protesting at fraud related to the voting machines used in previous elections, voter turnout was just 33.2%.
Why is Trinidad Indian?
Indians came to Trinidad and Tobago as indentured labourers to work on the sugar plantations after the abolition of slavery in 1833. Famines, destruction of indigenous industries and unemployment under the colonial rule had left large chunks of the population in India without food and basic amenities.