What empires did the Spanish conquistadors defeat?

What two empires were defeated by Spanish conquistadors?

The two most famous conquistadors were Hernán Cortés who conquered the Aztec Empire and Francisco Pizarro who led the conquest of the Incan Empire.

Who did the Spanish conquistadors defeat?

Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, overthrew the Aztec Empire. This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire.

What empires were conquered by the Spanish?

Between 1519 and 1521 Hernán Cortés and a small band of men brought down the Aztec empire in Mexico, and between 1532 and 1533 Francisco Pizarro and his followers toppled the Inca empire in Peru. These conquests laid the foundations for colonial regimes that would transform the Americas.

Which powerful empire did the Spanish defeat in Mexico?

Hernan Cortés invaded Mexico in 1519 and conquered the Aztec Empire.

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What impact did the conquistadors have on the Aztec and Inca empires?

The spanish conquered the great Aztec and Inca empires by bringing diseases to kill most of them off quickly, scaring them with the horses, and using their more advanced superior weapons to kill them. …

Who destroyed the Inca civilization?

The Spanish conquistador Pizarro and his men were greatly aided in their enterprise by invading when the Inca Empire was in the midst of a war of succession between the princes Huáscar and Atahualpa.

Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire.

Date 1532–1572
Location Western South America

How did the conquistadors defeat the Aztecs?

Battle of Tenochtitlán. … Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city. Cortés’s victory destroyed the Aztec empire, and the Spanish began to consolidate control over what became the colony of New Spain.

How were the Spanish able to defeat the Native American empires?

The Spanish were able to defeat the Aztec and the Inca not only because they had horses, dogs, guns, and swords, but also because they brought with them germs that made many native Americans sick. Diseases like smallpox and measles were unknown among the natives; therefore, they had no immunity to them.

What happened to the Aztec Empire after the Spanish conquest?

During the Spaniards’ retreat, they defeated a large Aztec army at Otumba and then rejoined their Tlaxcaltec allies. In May 1521, Cortés returned to Tenochtitlán, and after a three-month siege the city fell. This victory marked the fall of the Aztec empire.

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Would the Aztecs have defeated the Spanish?

It would never have happend. The aztec Empire was doomed to be destroyed and the land colonized.

Why did the Aztecs lose to the Spanish?

The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.

Why did the Spanish conquered the Incas?

When Manco’s son Túpac Amaru was executed by the Spanish in 1572, the final Inca stronghold was extinguished. That the Spanish had been able to conquer the vast and sophisticated Inca Empire was partly due to the smallpox epidemic that spread viciously across the domain.

How did Cortés conquered Aztecs quizlet?

Hernan Cortes was able to conquer the Aztec Empire by scaring the natives with the 16 horses, gaining alliances with the other enemies of the Aztec, having superior and better weapons than the natives (like guns), having armor, and having steel. What advantages did the Spanish have over the Native Americans?

Why did Inca Empire fall?

The collapse of the Inca Empire started when the Spaniards arrived in Central America and transmitted their diseases to locals who spread them to other parts of the continent including South America.

How many conquistadors were there?

The fascinating military encounter in itself pitched around 168 Conquistadors (who only 12 arquebuses and 4 cannons among them) under Francisco Pizarro’s command, against 3,000 to 8,000 lightly armed guards of the Inca Emperor Atahualpa.