Demonstrative adjectives (this, that) are used to indicate a specific noun or nouns. In Spanish, they must agree with the noun(s) in number and gender. Por ejemplo… Este árbol es bonito. This tree is cute.
What are demonstrative adjectives in Spanish?
Unlike English, Spanish has three sets of demonstrative adjectives, which vary by number and gender, so there are 12 in all:
- singular masculine. este (this) ese (that) aquel (that)
- plural masculine. estos (these) esos (those) …
- singular feminine. esta (this) esa (that) …
- plural feminine. estas (these) esas (those)
What is demonstrative adjective examples?
The demonstrative adjectives are ‘this,’ ‘that,’ ‘these,’ and ‘those. ‘ A demonstrative adjective always comes first in the noun phase. (e.g., “this big dog”, “that ugly one in the corner”).
What are the 6 demonstrative adjectives in Spanish?
Demonstrative Adjectives & Pronouns in Spanish – When to Use & What are the differences?
- Demonstrative Adjectives.
- Este (masc), esta (fem) = this.
- Estos (masc), estas (fem) = these.
- Ese (masc), esa (fem) = that.
- Esos (masc), esas (fem) = those.
- Aquel (masc), aquella (fem) = that.
- Aquellos (masc), aquellas (fem) = those.
What are the 8 demonstrative adjectives in Spanish?
- Este – is this, masculine singular. Este papel. ( …
- Esta – is this, feminine singular. Esta tienda. ( …
- Estos – these, masculine plural. …
- Estas – these, feminine plural. …
- Ese – that, masculine singular. …
- Esa – that, feminine singular. …
- Esos – those, masculine plural. …
- Esas – those, feminine plural.
How do you remember demonstrative adjectives in Spanish?
Marcela, a nonnative teacher of Spanish has a technique that makes coming up with the right form easy by remembering a short rhyme: ‘This’ and ‘these’ have Ts (referring to este, esta, estos, estas); ‘that’ and ‘those’ don’t (referring to ese, esa, esos, esas).
How do you use Demostrativos?
You can use these demonstrative adjectives, demostrativos in Spanish, to identify someone or something based on proximity, gesturing or context.
This means you can use the Spanish neutral gender in these scenarios:
- You don’t know the gender of something.
- The gender isn’t relevant.
- You are talking about an abstract idea.
What does demonstrative adjective mean?
A demonstrative adjective is an adjective used to specifically describe the position of something or someone in space or time. The most commonly used demonstrative adjectives are this, that, these, and those.
What are possessive and demonstrative adjectives?
The possessive adjectives are: my, your, his, her, its, our, their. A demonstrative pronoun takes the place of a noun indicating near or far in place or time. The demonstrative pronouns are: this, that, these, and those.
How many demonstrative adjectives are there?
There are only 4 demonstrative adjectives. This – refers to a single person, place or thing that is near the speaker. That – refers to a single person, place or thing that is far from the speaker. These – refers to more than one persons, places or things that are near the speaker.
Does estos have an accent?
The pronouns esto, eso, and aquello are considered neuter, not masculine, even though they end in “-o.” Even though they are pronouns, esto, eso, and aquello don’t have accent marks.
What is the difference between ESOS and estos?
“Este” (with feminine and plural forms “esta,” “estos,” “estas,” and the pronoun “esto”) points to an object that, in general principle, is closer to the speaker than to the listener; “ese” (“eso”) points to an object that is closer to the listener than to the speaker; “aquel” (“aquello”) points to an object that is …
What is the difference between ESE and Aquel?
“Ese” or “that” is to point to something nearer while “aquel” is used to refer to something farther away. Say, for example, there are two apples on the table. The speaker wanting to have a bite of the second apple which is on the far side of the table should use “aquel” (over there) instead of “ese” (that one).
How do you use Aquel in Spanish?
ese/esa/esos and esas (meaning that/those) are used to indicate things and people that are near the person you are talking to or that aren’t too far away. aquel/aquella/aquellos/aquellas (meaning that/those) are used to indicate things and people that are further away.