What are the 4 levels of society in a Spanish colony and who were in each?

What were the four levels of society in New Spain?

What Are the Four Levels of Spanish Colonial Society? The Spanish colonies consisted of a caste system of peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos and mulattoes, and Native Americans and Africans.

What were the four social classes in the Spanish colonies?

The social class system of Latin America goes as follows from the most power and fewest people, to those with the least amount of power and the most people: Peninsulares, Creoles, Mestizos, Mulattoes, Native Americans and Africans.

What were the 4 Spanish Viceroyalties?

Spanish Empire

Viceroyalty of New Spain. Viceroyalty of Peru. Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. Viceroyalty of New Granada.

What are the social classes in New Spain?

Terms in this set (4)

  • peninsulares. 1st in social class, wealthy and had roles in government.
  • creoles. 2nd in social class, wealthy and highly educated, could not take part in some jobs.
  • mestizos. 3rd in social class, mixed Spanish and Indian background, worked in minor jobs.
  • Native Americans.
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What were the three levels of society in colonial Spain?

For official purposes, particularly the assessment of tribute and military service, three primary groups were identified: Spaniard (European and American); castes (castas), that is, persons of mixed blood; and Indians. Although such classifications were overtly ethnic they were strongly influenced by cultural factors.

What was the economic and social structure of the new Spanish colonies?

During most of the colonial era, Spanish American society had a pyramidal structure with a small number of Spaniards at the top, a group of mixedrace people beneath them, and at the bottom a large indigenous population and small number of slaves, usually of African origin.

What are the 3 social classes in the Philippines during Spanish colonization?

D. Students will learn about: who the Ilustrados, Creoles, Mestizos, and the Peninsulares are, and the role these ethnic groups played in the development of the Filipino Nationalism.

What factors determined social class in the Spanish colonies?

Birth, education, and income are factors that determine a person’s social class in Spanish Colonial Society.

What was the social hierarchy in the new world?

In Colonial America, there were three main social classes. They were the gentry, the middle class, and the poor.

How many viceroyalties were there?

Viceroyalty of New Spain, Spanish Virreinato de Nueva España, the first of the four viceroyalties that Spain created to govern its conquered lands in the New World.

Who ruled viceroyalties?

These new Spanish territories officially became known as viceroyalties, or lands ruled by viceroys who was second to—and a stand-in for—the Spanish king.

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Who were the Spanish viceroys?

Viceroys of New Spain (1535–1821)

Viceroy From Monarch
Antonio de Mendoza 14 November 1535 Charles I
Luís de Velasco 25 November 1550
Francisco Ceinos, Dean of the Audiencia 1 August 1564 Philip II
Gastón Carrillo de Peralta y Bosquete, 3rd Marquess of Falces 19 October 1566

What was society like in New Spain?

Over time, members of New Spanish society formed new ethnic identities as Spaniards intermarried with Native Americans and Africans. A subtle castelike system developed, with peninsulares (natives of Spain) at the top of the social hierarchy.

What were the four causes of the Latin American independence movements?

The causes of the Latin American revolutions included the inspiration from the French and American revolution, Napoleon’s conquest of Spain triggered revolts, injustices and repression (committed by royal officials) Political and military jobs controlled by Peninsulares, Peninsulares and Creoles controlled wealth.

What is a social hierarchy meaning?

First, inherent to the definition of a social hierarchy is the stratified ranking of group members along a valued dimension, with some members being superior or subordinate to others, and fewer members occupying the highest positions (Magee & Galinsky, 2008).