The Spanish commercial monopoly was based on the designation of a single port, Cadiz, through which all trade the Caribbean, in and out, had to pass. This port was designated the sole port of entry and departure for ships trading with the West Indies.
How did Spain use mercantilism to create its monopoly?
Following the dictates of an economic philosophy known as mercantilism, aimed at protecting its own manufacturers, Spain restricted trade, prohibited manufacturing, stifled local industry and handicrafts, impeded the growth of towns, and prevented civilians from selling to soldiers.
Who broke the Spanish monopoly?
It was not until Elizabeth’s reign (1558-1603) that English sailors frequently made voyages into the Spanish empire with the aim of breaking Spain’s monopoly, and by then England was a Protestant country.
Were the Dutch successful in breaking the Spanish monopoly?
The Dutch were fighting the Spanish for their independence, and the Portuguese for trade and empire. They triumphed over the Portuguese in nearly every part of the globe, winning the spice trade from them in the East Indies.
How did John Hawkins break the Spanish monopoly?
Smugglers – British, French and Dutch men who engaged in illegal trading with Spanish colonist by providing them with goods which Spain herself could not provide to her colonies e.g.: John Hawkins engage in illegal trade with the Spanish colonist by supplying goods such as slaves.
What did the Spanish conquistadors do?
During the Age of Discovery, conquistadors sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa, and Asia, colonizing and exploiting territory and opening trade routes. They brought colonialism to much of the world for Spain and Portugal in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries.
Is there a Spanish monopoly?
Hasbro Spanish Monopoly (EA)
Why did the Spanish monopoly fail?
In the end, the Spanish monopoly failed. They did not have the naval strength to ensure that the interlopers could be kept out of the Caribbean and so the Dutch, English and French would go on to establish permanent colonies and presence in the Caribbean.
What did the Spaniards bring to the Caribbean?
The Spanish introduced many crops to Jamaica like: sugar cane, bananas and citrus fruits. Also it was they who apparently introduced most of the pets that are currently on the island, such as pigs, horses, goats, cats, dogs and chickens.
Who were the first pirates?
The earliest documented instances of piracy are the exploits of the Sea Peoples who threatened the ships sailing in the Aegean and Mediterranean waters in the 14th century BC. In classical antiquity, the Phoenicians, Illyrians and Tyrrhenians were known as pirates.
What did the Dutch do with the Caribbean?
1. 1585 – Dutch ships landed at Cape Verde for salt. Since it was unprofitable to send empty ships to the Caribbean the Dutch brought trade goods and took back cargoes of sugar, wine, hides, dyewoods as well as salt to Europe.
Are Dutch and Netherlands the same thing?
Over time, English-speaking people used the word Dutch to describe people from both the Netherlands and Germany, and now just the Netherlands today. … The term was so widely used that when they became a formal, separate country in 1815, they became the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Which of the following European countries was Spain’s rival in exploration?
Columbus’s colonization of the Atlantic islands inaugurated an era of aggressive Spanish expansion across the Atlantic. Spanish colonization after Columbus accelerated the rivalry between Spain and Portugal to an unprecedented level. The two powers vied for domination through the acquisition of new lands.
Why did Sir John Hawkins set sail?
First voyage (1562–1563)
England was not at war with Spain, but the commission allowed Hawkins to plunder the Spanish fleet for loot. … In 1562, he set sail with three ships to Sierra Leone where took 300 slaves to the plantations in the Americas where he traded the slaves for pearls, hides, and sugar.
Was Hawkins a privateer?
Sir John Hawkins (1532–1595) was one of the most notable sailors and naval commanders of the sixteenth century.
Was Hawkins a pirate?
Sir John Hawkins Was No Pirate; He Was a Sea-Lawyer; A New Life of the Elizabethan Admiral Portrays a Shrewd Business Man, Who Played Politics in Masterly Fashion Sir John Hawkins.