When was Spain a republic?

The Spanish Republic (Spanish: República Española), historiographically referred to as the First Spanish Republic, was the political regime that existed in Spain from 11 February 1873 to 29 December 1874. The Republic’s founding ensued after the abdication of King Amadeo on 10 February 1873.

Was Spain ever a republic?

Republicanism in Spain is a political position and movement that holds that Spain should be a republic. … The First Spanish Republic lasted from February 1873 to December 1874, and the Second Spanish Republic lasted from April 1931 to April 1939.

When did Spain become a democracy?

According to scholars, the democratization process began after the death of the dictator Francisco Franco, in November 1975. Historians disagree on the exact date the transition was completed: some say it ended after the 1977 general election, while others place it later, when the 1978 Constitution was approved.

How did the Second Republic of Spain begin?

The Second Spanish Republic played an important role in the country’s history. It began as a late consequence of the stock market crash of 1929 and was terminated by the dictatorship of General Franco, who emerged victorious from the Spanish Civil War after plotting a military coup against the republic.

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Did the US support Franco?

The United States signed the pact with Spain during the first year of the Eisenhower administration. In exchange for the bases, Franco received military assistance, some economic support and, most important, the implied moral backing of the United States. The clandestine democratic opposition in Spain was in despair.

When did Spain overthrow the monarchy?

In 1931, Spanish King Alfonso XIII authorized elections to decide the government of Spain, and voters overwhelmingly chose to abolish the monarchy in favor of a liberal republic.

What was Spain before 1978?

Hispania was the name used for the Iberian Peninsula under Roman rule from the 2nd century BC. The populations of the peninsula were gradually culturally Romanized, and local leaders were admitted into the Roman aristocratic class.

Who ruled Spain for over 700 years?

You could say that the Christians ruled Spain for 700 years, from 1492 until now, and the balance the Visigoths between 589 (when they became Catholic) and 711.

When did Spain become a dictatorship?

Francoist Spain

Spanish State Estado Español
Government Personalist dictatorship
Head of state
• 1936–1975 Francisco Franco
Head of Government

Is Spain a republic or monarchy?

The form of government in Spain is a parliamentary monarchy, that is, a social representative democratic constitutional monarchy in which the monarch is the head of state, while the prime minister—whose official title is “President of the Government”—is the head of government.

Is Spain capitalist or socialist?

Spain is a member of the European Union and the eurozone, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization. Spain has a capitalist mixed economy.

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Who ruled Spain in 1923?

Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja, 2nd Marquess of Estella (8 January 1870 – 16 March 1930), was a dictator, aristocrat, and military officer who served as Prime Minister of Spain from 1923 to 1930 during Spain’s Restoration era.

When did Franco rule Spain?

Francisco Franco was a general and the leader of the Nationalist forces that overthrew the Spanish democratic republic in the Spanish Civil War (1936–39); thereafter he was the head of the government of Spain until 1973 and the head of state until his death in 1975.

Who won the Spanish elections in 1931?

1931 Spanish general election

Seats won 115 90
Seat change 115 90
Leader Francesc Macià Manuel Azaña Díaz
Party ERC AR
Leader since 19 March 1931 1930