When did Spain join the European Union and why?

On 1 January 1986, Spain and Portugal acceded to the European Economic Community, which thus became the ‘Europe of the Twelve’. The accession process for Portugal and Spain was more lengthy and difficult than that for Greece because of the considerable economic interests involved and the weight of the Spanish economy.

Why did Spain join the EU?

Having long been marginalised in Europe both economically and politically, Portugal and Spain also suffered from outdated industrial and agricultural sectors compared to the Member States of the European Community. Membership therefore appeared to be a fundamental solution to their problems.

When did Spain join the European Union?

Spain joined the European Union in 1986 and was one of the first countries to adopt the euro on 1 January 1999.

Why did Spain and Portugal join the EU?

The integration of Spain and Portugal in the EC offered opportunities for both trade creation and trade diversion in agriculture. Since Spain and Portugal had been kept out of the CAP before accession, EC membership gave better access conditions to Iberian agricultural exports to the Community.

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How did Spain benefit from joining the EU?

Spain adopted the Acquis Communautaire and received considerable benefits from EU membership, eliminating barriers, following the common policies , re ceiving European funds and adopting the European common currency .

Does Spain belong to the European Union?

The EU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

When did Spain join the Common Market?


State Accession Population (1990)
United Kingdom 1 January 1973 57,681,000
Greece 1 January 1981 10,120,000
Portugal 1 January 1986 9,862,500
Spain 1 January 1986 38,993,800

When did each country join the EU?

Current list of all 27 European Union countries

Country EU accession date Eurozone member
Slovakia May 1, 2004 Yes
Slovenia May 1, 2004 Yes
Spain January 1, 1986 Yes
Sweden January 1, 1995 No

Why was the European Union created?

The EU was originally created with the aim of ending the frequent and bloody wars between neighbours, which culminated in the Second World War. The Schuman Declaration, which encouraged the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community, laid the foundation for the European Union as we know it today.

Who joined the EU in 2004?

1 May 2004 – 10 new countries

Cyprus and Malta join the EU along with 8 Central and Eastern European countries — Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia — finally ending the division of Europe after the Second World War.

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Why would Portugal want to join the EU?

On the one hand, Portugal and Spain both wanted to strengthen their new democratic regimes, and they both held the desire to end the relative isolation they had experienced during the authoritarian years. These were critical political factors behind their decision to join the European Community.

Are Spain and Portugal enemies?

Spain and Portugal are now part of the same military and economic alliances (Nato and the EU) and Portugal no longer feels threatened, at least militarily. Nevertheless, the Portuguese still mistrust Spain, epitomised in their still popular saying: ‘Neither good winds nor good marriages come from Spain’.