What were the two sides in the Spanish Civil War and what did they believe?

On one side were the anarchists and militant socialists, who viewed the war as a revolutionary struggle and spearheaded widespread collectivization of agriculture, industry, and services; on the other were the more moderate socialists and republicans, whose objective was the preservation of the Republic.

What did the Nationalists believe in the Spanish Civil War?

The Nationalists were not ideologically united – monarchists wanted the restoration of the monarchy to replace the republic, Carlists supported the re-establishment of a separate line to the Spanish throne and the Falange rejected the monarchy, wanting instead to establish Spain as a fascist dictatorship similar to …

What did Franco believe in?

The consistent points in Franco’s ideology (termed Francoism) included authoritarianism, nationalism, national Catholicism, militarism, conservatism, anti-communism, and anti-liberalism.

Who were the opposing combatants the two sides in the Spanish Civil War?

The two opposing sides were the Spanish Republicans and the Nationalists. Both sides were aided unofficially by other European powers. This aid was unofficial because all the great powers of Europe signed the Non-intervention Agreement in August 2, 1936, just weeks after the beginning of the war.

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What was the reason for the Spanish Civil War?

The main cause of the Spanish Civil War, was the failure of Spanish democracy. This was because there was a refusal by the Spanish parties and groups to compromise and respect democratic norms.

What were the Nationalists in Spain?

On one side, the Nationalist, were most Roman Catholics, important elements of the military, most landowners, and many businessmen. On the other side, the Republican, were urban workers, most agricultural labourers, and many of the educated middle class.

What type of government did the Nationalists in Spain want?

During this time period Spain was officially known as the Spanish State (Spanish: Estado Español).

Francoist Spain.

Spanish State Estado Español
Religion Roman Catholicism (official); under the doctrine of National Catholicism
Government Personalist dictatorship
Head of state
• 1936–1975 Francisco Franco

Who won Spanish Civil War?

The Nationalists won the war, which ended in early 1939, and ruled Spain until Franco’s death in November 1975.

Was Franco left or right?

As a conservative and monarchist, Franco regretted the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of the Second Republic in 1931. He was devastated by the closing of his Academy; but nevertheless, he continued his service in the Republican Army.

What did Franco do to Spain?

Francisco Franco was a general and the leader of the Nationalist forces that overthrew the Spanish democratic republic in the Spanish Civil War (1936–39); thereafter he was the head of the government of Spain until 1973 and the head of state until his death in 1975.

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Why did Spain not become an ally of Germany in ww2?

Spain didn’t join the axis powers because there was nothing to win for Spain. Franco was a clever man. He knew that his troops wouldn’t do much good and Gibraltar wasn’t interesting enough to risk a war with Britain. Had Hitler invaded England Spain may have joined the axis.

How was the Spanish Civil War fought?

Spanish Civil War, (1936–39) Military revolt against the government of Spain. … The two sides fought fierce and bloody skirmishes in a war of attrition. The Nationalist side gradually gained territory and by April 1938 succeeded in splitting Spain from east to west, causing 250,000 Republican forces to flee into France.

How did the Spanish Civil War affect other European countries?

The Western democracies wanted to avoid the horrors of another war. How did the Spanish Civil War affect other European countries? It spurred other nations to join in the conflict. … It gave him a chance to expand Russian territory in Eastern Europe.

Did the US support Franco?

The United States signed the pact with Spain during the first year of the Eisenhower administration. In exchange for the bases, Franco received military assistance, some economic support and, most important, the implied moral backing of the United States. The clandestine democratic opposition in Spain was in despair.

What were the causes of the Spanish Civil War quizlet?

As the Republican government started to prioritize the army less, both financially and in its areas of use, the military grew more and more unhappy with the government. Eventually, this discontent would lead to the military uprising which started in Morocco and spread to Spain, starting the Spanish Civil War.

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Who were the two warring parties in the Spanish Civil War Brainly?

The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) was an armed conflict between the Republicans and the Nationalists led by General Francisco Franco.

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