Which two activities were important in New Spain’s economy?
Within this territory, the viceroys of New Spain aided in converting the native population to Christianity, developed an array of educational institutions, and oversaw an economy based almost entirely on mining and ranching.
What was New Spain known for?
New Spain’s port of Acapulco became the New World terminus of the transpacific trade with the Philippines via the Manila galleon. The New Spain became a vital link between Spain’s New World empire and its East Indies empire.
What do you think was the most important economic activity in New Spain?
Indispensable to sustain a growing colonial society, farming and ranching quickly became New Spain’s principal occupations. Cattle, sheep, and other livestock imported from Spain were driven north where ranchers settled across the open ranges near northern mining centers.
What two goals did the Spaniards have in the New World?
Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.
What was the main economic activity in the Spanish colonies?
Colonies were encouraged to develop mining, in order to supply Spain with silver and gold, and to develop agricultural activities. In New Mexico, mining was widespread, but ranching was the primary economic activity, with trade secondary.
What is New Spain today?
New Spain was the name that the Spanish gave to the area that today is central and southern Mexico, and since the capital city of the Viceroyalty was in Mexico City, the name was also used for the viceroyalty.
What are the 4 Viceroyalties?
The Spanish Americas had four viceroyalties: Viceroyalty of New Spain. Viceroyalty of Peru. Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
Why was Spain successful in the New World?
Spain encouraged settlements in the New World to strengthen her claims to territory; to secure gold, silver, and valuable agricultural produce, such as sugar and indigo (a blue dye); and to convert the Indians to Catholicism.
What was New Spain quizlet?
North America, South America, and the Caribbean. This term compares them to the Old World of Europe, Africa, and Asia. One of four Spanish colonies in the New World. It was ruled by a viceroy (an official chosen by the king) from Mexico.
What happened to New Spain?
In 1821, Spain, unable to control the territory, sold Florida to the United States. That same year, a Mexican rebellion ended Spanish rule there (and in Texas) and the colonial empire of New Spain was dissolved.
What three countries had the greatest impact on Spain?
Spanish culture was influenced by the Celtics, the Phoenicians of the eastern Mediterranean, the Carthaginians and the Germanic tribe known as the Visigoths. But, it was the Romans, and later the Muslims from North Africa, who played the greatest role in shaping Spain’s cultural future.
How did New Spain get money?
Others stayed, amassing fortunes from pearls, silver, tobacco, sugar, cattle, and slaves that could be passed on to successive generations. Protective of its holdings, the crown enacted policies to ensure that its handpicked emissaries maintained Spain’s hold on the region.
What were the 3 goals of the Spanish in the Americas?
Three goals of the Spanish in the Americas were; the desire to attain great amounts of riches, to establish claims on as much land as possible,and to colonize as much land as possible.
What was the goal of the Spanish missions?
The main goal of the California missions was to convert Native Americans into devoted Christians and Spanish citizens. Spain used mission work to influence the natives with cultural and religious instruction.
Where did Spain colonize in the New World?
In 1493, during his second voyage, Columbus founded Isabela, the first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World, on Hispaniola. After finding gold in recoverable quantities nearby, the Spanish quickly overran the island and spread to Puerto Rico in 1508, to Jamaica in 1509, and to Cuba in 1511.