Question: How did the Portuguese and Spanish conquer America?

How did Spain and Portugal colonize the Americas?

On June 7, 1494, the governments of Spain and Portugal agreed to the Treaty of Tordesillas, named for the city in Spain in which it was created. The Treaty of Tordesillas neatly divided the “New World” of the Americas between the two superpowers.

How did Spain conquer the Americas?

In 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus discovered the islands now known as the Bahamas. This marked the beginning the Spanish conquest of the Americas.

Did the Portuguese conquer America?

Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century. … Portugal colonized parts of South America (Brazil, Colónia do Sacramento, Uruguay, Guanare, Venezuela), but also made some unsuccessful attempts to colonize North America (Newfoundland and Labrador and Nova Scotia in Canada).

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What were the results of Spanish and Portuguese conquests in America?

What were the results of Spanish and Portuguese conquests in America? Spain created an empire by destroying civilizations and killing the native population. Portugal took control of Brazil.

Why did the Spanish and Portuguese come to America?

The Spanish established the first European settlements in the Americas, beginning in the Caribbean and, by 1600, extending throughout Central and South America. Thousands of Spaniards flocked to the Americas seeking wealth and status. … During the fifteenth century, Spain hoped to gain advantage over its rival, Portugal.

How did Spanish and Portuguese end up in Latin America?

History. Latin America came to fruition in the 1500’s after European “discovery” of the New World. Countries such as Spain, France and Portugal colonized the region. Although most of Latin America was colonized by Spain, the countries of Portugal and France also had major influences on the region.

Why did Spain want to conquer the Americas?

They wanted riches and the eternal glory of being really cool by discovering the better water highway to Asia. They also wanted to spread what they thought was the Best Religion Ever, Catholicism.

Why did the Spanish conquer the Americas and not the Americas the Aztecs or Incas conquer the Spanish?

In the early 1500s, Spanish forces sailed across the Pacific and conquered the Aztec and Incan civilizations, even though the invading armies were greatly outnumbered by the indigenous population. This conquest was due, in part, to differences in technology and experience.

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What did the Spanish bring to Central America?

Spain encouraged the mining of precious metals, but Central American deposits were thin, and agriculture came to dominate the economy of the colony.

How did the Spanish and Portuguese conquest of South America differ?

How did the Portuguese experience in Brazil differ from the Spanish experience in Latin America? The coast was where the Portuguese mainly stuck, not only because they had a smaller population than Spain , but also they were not as advanced. The Spanish however were more so invaders and took land from the natives.

What peoples did the Spanish and Portuguese defeat and take over when they came to the Americas?

For the conquest era, two names of Spaniards are generally known because they led the conquests of high indigenous civilizations, Hernán Cortés, leader of the expedition that conquered the Aztecs of Central Mexico, and Francisco Pizarro, leader of the conquest of the Inca in Peru.

Why did the Portuguese went to America?

Although there were scattered Portuguese settlements in the American colonies during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, sustained immigration began in the early nineteenth century when young men from the Azores were employed in the New England whaling industry.

How did the Spanish succeed in conquering much of the Americas?

Spanish conquistadors, who were primarily poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain, were able to conquer the huge empires of the New World with the help of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), and military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful …

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How were the conquests of the Aztecs and the Incas similar and different?

How were the conquest of the Aztec and the Inca similar and different? The Aztec and Inca were both conquered by Spain. However, the Aztec were mostly taken out by disease; whereas, the Inca were taken out by a large army.

How did Portugal and Spain govern their colonies to promote economic gain and exert their authority over colonials and natives?

How did Portugal and Spain govern their colonies to promote economic gain and exert their authority? They effectively enslaved the native populations so as to extract labor from them, all the benefits of this labor going to the Spanish and Portuguese.