Philip was the self-proclaimed protector of the Roman Catholic Church. He sought to limit the spread of Protestantism, and he ultimately completed the work of unification begun by Ferdinand and Isabella (the “Catholic Monarchs”) in the Iberian Peninsula.
What role did Philip the second of Spain play in regard to the Catholic Church?
Philip II reigned for 42 years , he was devoted to governmental work, he was the defender of the roman Catholic Church, enforced religious unity, turning the inquisition against Protestants and other people thought to be heretics.
What actions did King Philip II display to show he was the defender of the Catholic Church?
Three actions that demonstrated that Philip II saw himself as a defender of Catholicism because he launched a crusade to defeat to Ottoman Empire, attempted to punish Protestant England, and kept a monastery within his palace walls. According to French writer Jean Bodin, should a prince share power with anyone else?
When Henry VI of France became king what did he do to resolve the French wars of religion?
The wars ended with Henry’s embrace of Roman Catholicism and the religious toleration of the Huguenots guaranteed by the Edict of Nantes (1598).
What was Luther’s biggest achievement at Wartburg Castle?
Luther’s biggest achievement at Wartburg Castle was the translation of the New Testament into German. This was ironic because while his translation was widely popular, only 4 to 5% of people in Germany were literate, most being in urban areas.
What were Philip II accomplishments quizlet?
Philip II successes were that he was able to wage several wars in the Mediterranean, and he defeated the turks at the Battle of Lepanto.
What is Philip II of Spain known for?
King Philip II of Spain, also known as Philip the Prudent, ruled one of the world’s largest empires. His reign as Spain’s king began the Golden Age, a period of great cultural growth in literature, music and the visual arts. He was also the King of England through his marriage to Mary Tudor for four years.
How did Philip the second strengthen his control over Spain?
To strengthen his control, Philip insisted on strict conformity to Catholicism and strong monarchical authority. During the late Middle Ages, Catholic kingdoms in Spain had reconquered Muslim areas there and expelled the Spanish Jews.
How did Philip II Control Spanish religious freedom?
Philip also attempted to improve the quality of the Spanish Church. He enforced the decrees of the Council of Trent in Spain and employed the Spanish Inquisition to eradicate heresy and monitor the progress of the reform programme.
What was Spain’s main economic forces under Philip II?
Philip was forced heavily to rely on taxes in Spain and in 1561 the servicio tax was made a regular one, the excusado was introduced in 1567 and the crusada tax, together were known as the “Three Graces” reaching as much as 1.4 million ducats per year in the 1590’s.
What role did France and Spain play in religious conflicts?
What roles did France and Spain play in religious conflicts? Catholic Kingdoms in Spain overthrew established Muslims, Spain also defeated the turks with the Holy League. … The persecution of protestants from the Catholic kings fueled the French civil wars.
In what war did the Puritans played an important role?
Consequently, they became a major political force in England and came to power as a result of the First English Civil War (1642–1646). Almost all Puritan clergy left the Church of England after the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 and the 1662 Uniformity Act.
What was the purpose of the Edict of Nantes?
The Edict of Nantes (French: édit de Nantes) was signed in April 1598 by King Henry IV and granted the Calvinist Protestants of France, also known as Huguenots, substantial rights in the nation, which was in essence completely Catholic. In the edict, Henry aimed primarily to promote civil unity.
What were the 3 main ideas of Martin Luther?
Lutheranism has three main ideas. They are that faith in Jesus, not good works, brings salvation, the Bible is the final source for truth about God, not a church or its priests, and Lutheranism said that the church was made up of all its believers, not just the clergy.
What was Martin Luther biggest accomplishment?
Martin Luther, a 16th-century monk and theologian, was one of the most significant figures in Christian history. His beliefs helped birth the Reformation—which would give rise to Protestantism as the third major force within Christendom, alongside Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.
What did Lutherans believe?
The key doctrine, or material principle, of Lutheranism is the doctrine of justification. Lutherans believe that humans are saved from their sins by God’s grace alone (Sola Gratia), through faith alone (Sola Fide), on the basis of Scripture alone (Sola Scriptura).